Architecture Boundaries make Economical Segregation

Introduction

Boundary, something that shows where an area ends and another area begins, states a distinct difference between given spaces. Division can either be visible or invisible for it does not fail to prove how a boundary can act as a barrier to segregate the high-class and the low-class. The types of boundaries can be divided up by, country-wise, state-wise, and building-wise division creating segregations in any sorts of scale. Berlin Wall is an example of country-wise boundary that had a political division along a constructed wall. State-wise, Eight-mile Road in Detroit, Michigan would be an existing example where economic division occurs. Lastly, Maid Room in Haussmann Building in Paris, France, shows segregation between economic statuses within a provided building. In different circumstances, boundaries act as segregators that separate a space no matter how big, small, long, or short the division is formed. Boundaries, either visible or invisible, create economical segregation in any given space.

Berlin Wall segregating economic class with visible boundary

Berlinermauer

During the Cold War, the split of the Berlin resulted the construction of the wall in 1961. The wall is worldly known as a divider that split through Berlin into the West and the East side. The start of the boundary between the two began when the West and the East followed between political perceptions in taking over the country. West Berlin followed the Americans, British, and French wanting freedom from the East Germany. Which concluded for West Berlin to block away the East Berlin, the Soviet Union. In the end, the wall created a political and economic barrier between the two cities.

Berlin_wall_overlayThe Berlin Wall is architecturally well-constructed wall, with concrete wall and tower guards, that ultimately segregates Berlin into West and East. Years later, it was clear that one side was wealthier than the other side, economically and politically. The architectural segregation that extruded up from the ground enclosed the perception, living style and developed an unchangeable standpoint of the citizens. Thinking inversely, visible wall creates an invisible view of each other’s insight. Visible barrier made it harder for both West and the East Berlins to recover when they were reunified in 1989. Having no insights with such long and high border, the outcome of both sides was the opposite of each other. However it Berlin Wall was an invisible barrier like the Eight-Mile Road, the living condition of the Germany would not have been the same as it was when they were reunited. They should have had better recovery, not having to go through economic issue; one side turns out to be way wealthier than the other side. Either it was visible or invisible, the economic barrier and segregation did not yet to stop, however the living condition would have resulted better. Whether the boundary is seen or unseen, the segregation of economic level will cause. With visible and physical wall, division not only formed a political segregation but also faced economical difficulties.

 Eight-Mile Road creating a division but a blend with invisible boundary

1361894819_Detroit_Skyline_1942dWhile Berlin Wall creates a visible segregation, the Eight-mile Road, an invisible barrier, divides up a city into two different perspectives. Eight-mile Road was first constructed so that the transportation is easier than going around by taking another route. Also the extended road, eight-lane street, begins to outline the two different “categories” of living style in the region. The Eight-mile Road was constructed for efficiency but turned it into label for people that live in the area. Although there is no physical barrier, segregation still happens throughout the eight miles.

original

An invisible barrier results an unbearable economic status but the two parts of the city does not have big influence on each other. The city remains calm despite the dissimilar condition. Invisible border broke down the barrier between two social class and racial difference. With the Eight-mile Road and designated area for the Whites and the Blacks or the high-class or the lower class, however the border provides an area to compare the income dissimilarities. The “invisibility” of Eight-mile Road, of no obstruction between the low class and high class, shows the motion of merging into one another in a daily life, whereas Berlin Wall and the Maids Room make a distinct segregation between the two. The segregation that produces between visible and invisible boundaries creates more boundaries beyond what it’s already there. The unseen boundaries create temporary tension, however there are more opportunities to overcome the problems. In the other hand, visible boundaries tend to create more problems, which in the end, becomes a harder procedure to fight against. Concealed boundary is a boundary that creates a sort of segregation.

 Maid Room in Haussmann creates a visible space to segregate the social class

schema-Immeuble-Haussmanien

Haussmann is a type of arrangement of apartment in Paris, France first constructed in 1852. The way the apartments arranged it with wide, long, and tall buildings feels up the street. Unlike the “equalism” portrayed exteriorly, interior of the Haussmann is beyond what is to be imagined. The renovation of the place from 1852- 1870 outshined the apartments the most luxury place to stay. However, the hidden secret, the Maid Room, of the Haussmann did not appear to be very luxury. The architecture is terrifying, the wall or the slab that separates the two different spaces and circulation is beyond. The more visible wall is formed more segregation happens.

studettes_logement_inside

Invisible boundary created by Eight-mile Road exemplified the way a community live through segregation as a whole. However, visible boundaries like the Berlin Wall create a larger version of segregation. The barrier not only forms economic split but also caused more problems of segregation between race, politics, beliefs, and etc. Architecture causes a division on multiple scale first, known as country, city, and building-wise scale that segregates economic status disregarding the scale of the area. In stating that, a simple building, Chambre de Bonne, the Maid Room, in Haussmann played as a service space for maids to serve the residents that lived in the apartment. The boundary that blocks away the lower class is an act of segregation shown through architectural division. Clear hierarchy and use of materials embedded in the apartment expresses the difference between the economic levels between the residents of the Main house and the maids. As described, a visible boundary between given space can only be answered by the economic division and scale division.

Conclusion

An architectural boundary segregates the wealthy and the poor, whether it is a visible or invisible barrier. A concrete wall, wide road, or the ceiling of one’s living space, it creates a division in a provided space. Berlin Wall created a political and economical division with a visible boundary, concrete extruded up, between the West and East Berlin.  While an invisible boarder formed by a eight-lane road, creating a economic and racial segregation. Lastly, a visible boundary formed with a celling and a section of a building for division between the householder and the maid. Whether it is I a country division, political division, state segregation, economic disparity, building separation, when “boundary” is formed, it creates an economic division.

Bibliography 

“Berlin Wall.” 2013. The History Channel website. Dec 8 2013, 10:38 http://www.history.com/topics/berlin-wall.

“Berlin Wall.” <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Wall>.

“The Berlin Wall: The Greatest Symbol of Division Among People.” . Cornell University Library, 3 Jan 2013. Web. 8 Dec 2013. <http://olinuris.library.cornell.edu/exhibitions/olinat50/berlin-wall>. Bowles, Scott.

“Riding Detroit’s 8 Mile.” . USA Today, 7 Nov 2011. Web. 8 Dec 2013. <http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/life/movies/news/2002-11-07-8mile-cover_x.htm>.

“EIGHT MILE ROAD.” . Detroit Historical Society. Web. 8 Dec 2013. <http://detroithistorical.org/learn/encyclopedia-of-detroit/eight-mile-road>.

Horn, Christian. HAUSSMANN AND THE BUILDINGS OF PARIS – FRANCE. Urban Planet , 15 Dec 2012. Web. 8 Dec 2013. <http://urbanplanet.info/urbanism/the-haussmann-style-2/>.

Horn, Christian. The Haussmann Style. N.p.. Web. 8 Dec 2013. <http://www.khs.fr/ParisArchives.cfm?IDTexteNewsArchives=162>.

“M-102 (Michigan Highway).” <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M-102_(Michigan_highway)>.

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